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Border control

Dear passengers!

We inform you about the rules of crossing the state border of the Russian Federation by a citizen of the Russian Federation, foreign citizen or person without citizenship.

In accordance with the Federal Law of 15.08.1996 N 114- “On the Procedure for Exit from the Russian Federation and Entry into the Russian Federation”:

The main documents certifying the identity of a Russian citizen and used for Russian citizens’ exit from and entry the Russian Federation are:

  • passport;
  • diplomatic passport;
  • service passport.

Exit from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation are fulfilled by the citizens of the Russian Federation by the current documents, certifying the identity of the citizen of the Russian Federation beyond the borders of the Russian Federation.The right of the Russian Federation citizen to the exit from the Russian Federation may be temporarily limited in cases specified by the federal law.

A citizen of the Russian Federation may not be deprived of his/her right to enter Russia. If a Russian citizen has lost his/her passport (diplomatic passport, service passport) outside the Russian Federation the corresponding diplomatic representative office or consular authority of the Russian Federation, or the representation of the federal body of the executive power in charge of the foreign affairs issues located within the border territory, will issue temporary document certifying his/her personality and giving the right to entry (return) into the Russian Federation. The procedure for issuing of such document and its form are determined by the authorized federal body of executive power.

Foreign citizens may enter the Russian Federation as well as at exit from the Russian Federation if they submit current documents certifying their identity and acknowledged by the Russian Federation in this capacity, the visa, unless otherwise has been stipulated by the present Federal Law, international treaty of the Russian Federation or the Decrees of the President of the Russian Federation.

Persons without citizenship fulfill their entry into the Russian Federation and exit from the Russian Federation if they submit valid identity documents issued by authorized authorities and recognized by the Russian Federation, unless otherwise has been stipulated by the present Federal Law, international treaty of the Russian Federation or the Decrees of the President of the Russian Federation.

Foreign citizens receiving residence permit in the Russian Federation enter the Russian Federation and exit from the Russian Federation on the basis of the valid documents, certifying their personality and acknowledged by the Russian Federation in this capacity, and the residence permit.

Persons without citizenship receiving residence permit in the Russian Federation enter the Russian Federation and exit from the Russian Federation on the basis of the residence permit.

The right of foreign citizens and persons without citizenship to enter the Russian Federation and exit from the Russian Federation may be prohibited in cases specified by the federal law.

Depending on the aim of the entry of the foreign citizen into the Russian Federation and the aim of his/her stay in the Russian Federation, the foreign citizen is issued the visa, which may be diplomatic, service, ordinary, transit and temporary residence visa.

The visa – is the permit issued by the authorized body to the entry into the Russian Federation and transit passage through the territory of the Russian Federation by the valid document, certifying the personality of the foreign citizen and the person without citizenship and acknowledged by the Russian Federation in this capacity.

Control of the visa availability or other permits for the entry of persons into the foreign country is the obligation of the transportation company (passenger carrier) unless otherwise has been stipulated by the international treaty of the Russian Federation.

Minor citizen of the Russian Federation, as a rule, exits from the Russian Federation together with at least one of the parents, adoptive parent, guardians, or trustees. In case minor citizen of the Russian Federation, exits from the Russian Federation without accompaniment, apart from the passport, he must have the notarized Consent of the above named persons to the exit of the minor citizen of the Russian Federation with indication of the exit period and the country (countries), which he/she intends to visit.

Organization of the group exit from the Russian Federation for recreation and (or) health improvement of the minor citizens of the Russian Federation, children without parental support, and those from the Organizations for orphans and children without parental support, is fulfilled by the legal entity meeting the stipulated requirements, on the basis of the permit to the exit from the Russian Federation each of such minor citizen of the Russian Federation issued by the Child protection service and the Contract of the recreation organization and (or) health improvement of such minor citizens of the Russian Federation, concluded between the legal entity, Child protection service and  the Organization for orphans and children without parental support. The procedures for application of disagreement submitting regarding the exit from the Russian Federation of the minor citizen of the Russian Federation are established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

In case one of the parents, guardians or trustees declares his/her disagreement with the exit from the Russian Federation of minor citizen of the Russian Federation, the issue of his exit from the Russian Federation exit opportunity will be settled in the judicial procedure.

Documents on the procedure of crossing the state border of the Russian Federation by citizens of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens and persons without citizenship:

  • Law of the Russian Federation No. 4730-I “On State Border of the Russian Federation” dated 1.04.1993;
  • The Federal Law No. 114-FZ “On the Procedure for Exit from the Russian Federation and Entry into the Russian Federation” dated 15.08.1996;
  • The Federal Law No. 115-FZ “On the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation” dated 25.07.2002;
  • Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 335 “On Approval of the Provisions on Establishing the Form of the Visa, the Procedure and Conditions for Processing and Issuing, Extending, Restoring it in case of Loss, and the Procedure for Annulling a Visa” dated 9.06.2003;
  • The Order of the FSB of the Russian Federation No. 562 “On Approval of Administrative Regulations of Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation on Execution of State Function on Implement of State Border Control at Checkpoints across the State Border of the Russian Federation” dated 8.11.2012;
  • The Order of the FSB of the Russian Federation No. 563 “On  Approval of Administrative regulation of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation for Granting of the State Service on Extension of Validity of Visas to Foreign Citizens and Persons without Citizenship at Checkpoints across the State Border of the Russian Federation” dated 8.11.2012.

Official website of the Border Service of the Russian Federation –  ps.fsb.ru